Evolutionary biology and zoology

 

 

Image: Greg Rouse

I am a biologist interested in the evolution of animal biodiversity.​ I use genetic tools to explore patterns of diversity and to infer the processes that have created these patterns. My research involves population genetic and phylogenetic methods to uncover evolutionary divergences and understand their causes. I use this data to understand the evolution of morphological and life history traits and the geographic distribution of animals.

I am currently a postdoctoral researcher in Guojie Zhang's lab at the University of Copenhagen, where our team is aiming to reconstruct the phylogeny of birds using >300 whole genomes.

 

    About    

Image: Jon Middleton

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Postdoctoral researcher

University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Department of Biology

Ecology and Evolution

Universitetsparken 15, 2100 København Ø

josefin.stiller@bio.ku.dk

PhD in Marine Biology

Scripps Institution of Oceanography,

University of California San Diego, USA. 2017

MSc in Organismic Biology & Evolution

Humboldt University Berlin, Germany. 2012

BSc in Biology

Free University Berlin, Germany. 2009

 

Research

See some examples of research I am involved in below by hovering over the images.

Scroll down for videos featuring our work.

Seadragon biology
Seadragon biology

We use molecular markers to study how seadragon populations are structured across the Australian coast. This data will inform conservation actions for these popular fishes. We are particularly interested in understanding what signatures historical processes have left in the genomes of seadragons.  Main collaborators: Greg Rouse, Nerida Wilson

Leafy seadragon biology
Leafy seadragon biology

The leafy seadragon is a marine fish, which can only be found in southern Australia. The species is characterized by its remarkable camouflage that mimics kelp blades. Our work on the leafy seadragon investigates population structure and genetic diversity differs across their range in Australia. Image: Greg Rouse

Leafy seadragon population genetics
Leafy seadragon population genetics

In this study we investigated population structuring and genetic diversity in the leafy seadragon. We found low genetic diversity, particularly in the western part of the range. Our current work is following up on these results with extended sampling in Western Australia and genome-wide genetic markers. Stiller, Wilson, Donnellan & Rouse (2017). The leafy seadragon, a flagship species with low but structured genetic variability. Journal of Heredity 108:152-162 (2017).

Common seadragon biology
Common seadragon biology

The common (or weedy) seadragon is a marine fish that inhabits the southern Australian coast from Sydney, to Tasmania to Perth in Western Australia. Our work on the common seadragon uses genetic data from hundreds of individuals across the range to investigate phylogeographic structuring. We are particularly interested in investigating the effects of historical processes. Image: Greg Rouse

Common seadragon phylogeography
Common seadragon phylogeography

The common seadragon shows pronounced population structure across its range in Australia. Genetic diversity was low in the eastern part of the range in New South Wales and Tasmania. This first genetic assessment of this species, which will have implications in the conservation of the common seadragon. Wilson, Stiller & Rouse (2017). Barriers to gene flow in common seadragons (Syngnathidae: Phyllopteryx taeniolatus). Conservation Genetics 18:53-66.

Discovery of the Ruby seadragon
Discovery of the Ruby seadragon

In the course of our work we described a new species of seadragon, which is only the third known species. Phyllopteryx dewysea sports a crimson color (amongst other morphological differences to the other two species), hence its common name, the ruby seadragon. Click to read the article. Stiller, Wilson & Rouse (2015). A spectacular new species of seadragon (Syngnathidae). Royal Society Open Science 2:140458.

The Ruby seadragon in the wild
The Ruby seadragon in the wild

In April 2016, we set out on an expedition to find the ruby seadragon in the wild. Equipped with an underwater robot searching for the (red) needle in the haystack. Click to read about what we have learnt about this enigmatic species and see the videos of the live footage below. Rouse, Stiller & Wilson (2017). First live records of the ruby seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea, Syngnathidae). Marine Biodiversity Records 10:2

Seadragon relationships
Seadragon relationships

Seadragons are only a small group of the diversity of syngnathid fishes (seahorses, pipefishes, pipehorses). The ruby seadragon was found to be the closest relative to the common seadragon. Click to read the full story. Stiller, Wilson & Rouse (2015). A spectacular new species of seadragon (Syngnathidae). Royal Society Open Science 2:140458.

Comparison of seadragon anatomy
Comparison of seadragon anatomy

This figure shows X-ray images of the skeletons of the leafy, common and ruby seadragon (from top to bottom). Comparing these images helped us identify characteristics of the skeletal system that distinguish the ruby seadragon from its relatives. Click to read the full account and see the videos below for a 3D model of the ruby's skeleton. Stiller, Wilson & Rouse (2015). A spectacular new species of seadragon (Syngnathidae). Royal Society Open Science 2:140458.

Syngnathidae phylogeny
Syngnathidae phylogeny

The syngnathids comprise about 300 species of seahorses, seadragons, pipehorses and a variety of pipefish lineages. We used genome-wide genetic markers (Ultraconserved Elements) to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships among >350 individuals of syngnathids and their allies. This data will be used to better understand the diversification of this group. Collaborators: Healy Hamilton, Sarah Longo, Greg Rouse, Norah Saarman, Graham Short, Brian Simison, Peter Wainwright

Bird phylogenomics
Bird phylogenomics

My current work is investigating the evolutionary relationships of birds. As part of the B10K project, our group is using whole genome sequences from over 300 species of birds to understand the phylogenetic relationships of birds. Click to read more about the 10,000 Bird Genome project (B10K) and a review about the bounty of applications in phylogenetics and comparative biology that whole genomes are expected to have.

Parrot phylogeny
Parrot phylogeny

Check out this study that sequenced the genome of an extinct bird, the Carolina parakeet that went extinct in North America. I contributed the evolutionary placement of this parrot based on ~5000 genetic loci and dated the phylogeny using fossils.

 
 

In the media & seadragon art

This gallery shows a selection of media coverage of seadragons (mostly of the Ruby seadragon) and, more recently, of work I have contributed to on bird genomics. 
You can also find links to some of my favorite art pieces involving seadragons by skilled artists.
Click the panels to visit the websites.
New York Times

New York Times

A wonderful article by Carl Zimmer on a paper by Gelabert et al. in Current Biology on the genome sequence of an extinct parrot, the Carolina parakeet.

New York Times

New York Times

Article by Nicholas St. Fleur

ScienceFriday

ScienceFriday

Wonderful article by Alisa Opar

Gorgeous scientific illustration

Gorgeous scientific illustration

Natalie Renier's science illustrations are not only beautiful but informative and engaging. Check out her work, you will be amazed.

Washington Post

Washington Post

Article by Nick Kirkpatrick

Ruby on Sherman's Lagoon

Ruby on Sherman's Lagoon

Wonderful marine-themed comic strip by Jim Toomey, which featured the mighty Ruby Seadragon as a neighbor to Sherman and Hawthorne.

WIRED

WIRED

Article by Matt Burgess

Top10 New Species 2016

Top10 New Species 2016

Beautiful artwork by Alina Loth

Beautiful artwork by Alina Loth

From the fantastic the Oceans & the Seas blog

SpiegelOnline

SpiegelOnline

National Geographic

National Geographic

Article by Michael Greshko

Biosphere Magazine

Biosphere Magazine

Squidtoons

Squidtoons

Seadragons and Game of Thrones?! Check our their site, Squidtoons are THE BEST!

Christian Science Monitor

Christian Science Monitor

Wonderful article by Eva Botkin-Kowacki

tagesschau

tagesschau

Ruby on the national German news service tagesschau

Top10 science stories

Top10 science stories

Ruby made it in this list of the most exciting scientific stories of 2017!

University of Copenhagen

Department of Biology

Ecology and Evolution

Universitetsparken 15

2100 København Ø

 

josefin.stiller@bio.ku.dk

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